Resume Preparation, Tips to Build an Effective Resume, Things to Avoid when Writing Your Resume

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Your resume is the most important document that the employer would refer to. Hence, it is very important to employer would refer to. Hence, it is very important to keep your resume professional and up to date. Include your professional details, academic details total work experience, skills, tools and programming languages known. Do not lie about your skills and experience. Resume should be written honestly and carefully. Do not prepare a very long prepared. A short but to the point resume should be prepared. Do not copy own although you may take reference from sample resumes.

Tips to Build an Effective Resume

  • Choose a good resume format.
  • Pick up a font that is easy to road. Fonts such as Verdana, Times New Roman, and Arial in sizes 10 - 12 are conductive for reading.
  • Use the right keywords in your resume.
  • Use effective titles.


Bad title: Software development.

Good title: Developing Java API.

Divide your resume into sub sections.

Example: One section for details about your work experience, the second section about your academic qualifications, the third about your skill set, the fourth about your personal profile etc.

  • The most important points should be placed at the beginning of your resume. This should be uniformly followed in the individual sections as well. The most recent work experience will come first.
  • Your contact details including your address telephone number and email ID should be clearly mentioned in the resume.
  • Use bullet points and short sentences in your resume. Do not make the resume boring by giving in depth explanation or being repetitive.
  • Avoid writing negative sentence.
  • Write a few sentences about your professional goals.
  • Use your testimonial references for any skill that you would like to highlight.

Example: winning a technical white paper competition at the national level (testimonials included) .

  • Do you include your age, unless it is specifically asked for.
  • Do not create a standard resume for the jobs to be applied to. Restructure your resume depending on the jobs for which you are applying.
  • Do a spelling and a grammar check before you send your resume?
  • Update your resume on a periodic basis.
  • Mention dates in order.
  • Do not forget the basics, like your name.
  • Mention the employers for whom you have interned (done your projects) .
  • Do not use heavy vocabulary or too much of jargon (technical words) .
  • Get your resume reviewed by a professional.

Things to Avoid when Writing Your Resume

  • Lying about past work experience or qualification.
  • Committing spelling and grammatical errors.
  • Making the resume colorful in appearance.
  • Including too much of information.
  • Not using the right keywords.
  • Writing an objective that does not match the job.
  • Writing old or outdated details.
  • Sending a handwritten or poorly photocopies resume
  • Writing long sentences and paragraphs.
  • Writing about your own goals more than your abilities to match the job expectation.
  • Using ‘I’ in the sentences.
  • Writing information that would make an employer feel that you discriminate (Mentioning your age/marital status/number of kids/gender etc) .
  • Writing about hobbies (Unless your hobby would contribute to your candidature, do not include it) .
  • Writing incomplete information.
  • Writing negative things (Like failure in delivering a project) .
  • Writing please ( “Please give me an opportunity to work for you.” )

Contents of a Good Resume

  • Personal Details: The most important detail is your name, mentioned in bold. Your contact information including email IDs and telephone numbers should be clearly written.
  • Summary: Writing an objective is a thing of the past. Instead, summarize your experience and skill set in one or two effective sentences. This would immediately grab the hiring manager՚s attention. E. g. Five years of experience in software quality assurance.
  • Past work Experience: Include the details of your previous employment and briefly mention the significant projects that you were involved in. Mention the organization name and also the duration of your work. The order should be starting from recent to past.
  • b. Educational Qualifications/Training: Mention the formal qualifications, certifications and training that is relevant to the position being applied to.
  • Core Competencies: Mention your skill set or core competencies. This section would enable a hiring manager to decide whether you are suited for the job or not.
  • Professional Achievements: Write a few sentences about your noteworthy professional achievements. Try to include testimonials in support of the same, along with the resume.
  • Example: getting funding for your college project, which was recognized as a viable and a good project by the funding company/Winning a technical white paper competition etc.
  • Co-curricular Activities: This section does not mean you write about your hobbies. Write about your activities in areas other than academics or professional life, which have contributed to your overall development. Example: membership and participation in cultural groups/sports/social service etc.
  • Personal Interests (Optional) : Some personal interests like writing articles, poetry, reading foreign languages that add to your competencies can be mentioned.
  • References: You may mention a maximum of three references who could be either your academic faculty or your previous employers. Friends, neighbors, or family cannot be used for reference. In case your hiring manager needs more information, send the name, contact number, and email ID as a separate attachment. Devote a good amount of time in resume development, thereby increasing your chances of being chosen for a job interview.

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