# Aptitude [HCL Placement]: Sample Questions 3 - 5 of 43

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## Question 3

### Write in Short

Short Answer▾What will be the next term in the following series?

2, 4, 6, 12,14, 28 — , —

### Explanation

- In the given series second term is twice of first term and third term is two more than second term.
- Like, and .
- Same way, and
- Same way, .
- So, next term should be two more than 28, i.e..
- Term after 30 should be twice of 30, i.e..
- So, next two terms in the series should be 30 and 60.

## Question 4

### Question

MCQ▾In signed magnitude notation what is the minimum value that can be represented with 8 bits

### Choices

Choice (4) | |
---|---|

a. | -128 |

b. | -255 |

c. | -127 |

d. | 0 |

### Answer

a.### Explanation

In signed magnitude we are using MSB (Most Significant Bit) to indicate the sign of number. If MSB is 1 then it indicates that number is negative and if it is 0 then the number is positive. Next seven bits are of power base 2. Calculating the number considering the bit position and its weight, it will be 128. Considering the sign of MSB, it will be -128. So, minimum value that can be stored with 8 bits is -128 whereas the maximum positive value is + 127.

## Question 5

### Question

MCQ▾The cost price of 36 books is equal to the selling price of 30 books. What will be the gain?

### Choices

Choice (4) | |
---|---|

a. | 20 % |

b. | 82 % |

c. | 18 % |

d. | 16 % |

### Answer

a.### Explanation

- Cost price of 36 books is equal to selling price of 30 books.
- So, cost price (CP) of books will be ₹ 30.
- Selling price (SP) of books will be ₹ 36.
- Gain, =

=

= 6 ₹

- Gain (%) =

=

= 20 %

- Gain will be 20 % .