Basic CS-Networks [TCS Placement]: Sample Questions 22 - 23 of 133

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Question 22

Networks
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What is a peer-to-peer process?

Explanation

  • Peer-to-peer (P2P) is a decentralized communications model where each party has the same capabilities and either party can initiate a communication session.
  • Unlike the client/server model, in which the client makes a service request and the server fulfills the request, the P2P network model allows each node to function as both a client and server
  • P2P systems can be used to provide routing of network traffic, massive parallel computing environments, distributed storage, and other functions.
Given the Image is Define the Peer-To-Peer Processes

Question 23

Networks
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Define Routing?

Explanation

  • The process of determining how to forward messages toward the destination nodes based on its address is called routing.
  • Note that another confusing term “bridging” occurs at a lower level and is therefore more of a hardware function whereas routing occurs at a higher level where the software component is more important.
  • As routing occurs at a higher level, it can perform more complex analysis to determine the optimal path for the packet.
Given the Image is Define the Routing

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